OLEI HA-GARDOM ("Those Who Went to the Gallows"). A collective name for the 12 members of the organizations who fought actively against the British Mandatory Government in the struggle for the emergence of the State and were sentenced to death and executed (with the exception of two who cheated the gallows by taking their own lives). All belonged either to the Irgun Ẓeva'i Le'ummi (Eẓel) or the Lohamei Ḥerut Israel (Leḥi), with the exception of Shlomo ben yosef , who was hanged before the founding of these two militant organizations. Most of them turned their trials into a defiant "J'accuse" against the alleged illegality and brutality of the British Mandatory Government, and all marched proudly to their deaths with heads erect and singing patriotic songs. In 1974 the municipality of Jerusalem named a street in the new suburb of East Talpiyyot after the Olei ha-Gardom collectively, and others after each individual member. Symbolically enough, the suburb is adjacent to the building which at the time was the official seat of the British High Commissioner (and is now the seat of the UN organization in Israel). After their return from Kenya in 1947, where they were exiled by the British, members of Eẓel and Leḥi founded a synagogue, Aḥdut Israel in Jerusalem, in the name of the Olei Ha-Gardom, of which Rabbi L.I. Rabinowitz was appointed rabbi in 1972. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Nedava, J., Olei ha-Gardom (1966); Gurion, Y., Ha-Nizzaḥon Alei Gardom (1971).

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Игры ⚽ Поможем сделать НИР

Look at other dictionaries:

  • ALKAḤI, MORDEKHAI — (1925–1947), Jew executed by the British in Palestine. Alkaḥi was born in Petaḥ Tikvah and grew up under difficult circumstances. He joined I.Ẓ.L. in 1943 and gained a reputation for his courage and initiative. He was captured together with… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • BARAZANI, MOSHE — (1926–1947), Jew condemned to death by the British in Palestine. Barazani was born in Arbel, Syria, and came to Ereẓ Israel with his parents as a child and lived in Jerusalem. He joined Leḥi and was arrested in 1947 when, during a search, a hand… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • BET-ẒURI, ELIAHU — (1922–1945), Jew executed in Egypt in the Mandate Period. Bet Ẓuri was born in Tel Aviv. He became a member of Leḥi after its secession from IẒL. Together with …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • DREZNER, YEḤIEL DOV — (1922–1947), Jew executed by the British in Palestine. Drezner was born in Poland and came to Ereẓ Israel with his parents who settled in Jerusalem, where Drezner joined the Betar movement. In 1940 he moved to Netanyah, where he joined I.Ẓ.L.… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • FEINSTEIN, MEIR — (1927–1947), Jew condemned to death by the British in Palestine. Feinstein was born in the Old City of Jerusalem. In his youth he went to work in the kibbutz of Negbah, where he joined the Palmaḥ , and at the age of 16 volunteered for service in… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • GRUNER, DOV — (1912–1946), Jew executed by the British in Palestine. Gruner was born in Kisvarda and was one of a group of illegal Betar immigrants who came to Ereẓ Israel in 1940, when he joined IẒL. A year later he enlisted as a volunteer in the British army …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • ḤAKIM, ELIAHU — (1925–1945), Jew executed in egypt in the Mandate Period. Ḥakim was born in beirut , and was brought to Ereẓ Israel by his parents at the age of seven. At   the age of 17 he joined Leḥi. Together with Eliahu Bet Ẓuri he was sent by his… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • ḤAVIV, AVSHALOM — (1926–1947), Jew executed by the British in Palestine. Ḥaviv was born in Haifa and when he was two years old his parents moved to Jerusalem. While still a secondary pupil in Bet ha Kerem he joined the IẒL. After serving in the …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • KASHANI, ELIEZER — (1923–1947), Jew executed by the British in Palestine. Kashani was born in Petaḥ Tikvah to a poor family with many children. In his youth he was a member of the Maccabi sports organization in which he distinguished himself. Arrested on suspicion… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • NAKAR, MEIR — (1926–1947), Jew executed by the British in Palestine. Nakar was born in Jerusalem and joined Betar at the early age of 13. In 1943 he joined the British army and served for four years in Egypt, Cyprus, and Greece. On his release from the army in …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”